BBVA in 2013

Operating income

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Operating expenses in 2013 totaled €11,201m, up 3.8% year-on-year (up 8.4% at constant exchange rates). The policy of cost control applied in developed countries has largely offset the execution of plans for investment in technology and the expansion projects in emerging areas. The following are two examples of this: the announcement in the first quarter of 2013 of an investment plan in Mexico of around €2,700m for the period from 2013 to 2016 with the aim of improving customer relations and experience, and thus continuing to offer a quality service, boosted by the range of innovative and specialized products offered; and the launch in the third quarter of 2013 of a new expansion program in South America which envisages an investment of around €1,900m until 2016, aimed basically at boosting online banking in the region.

BBVA Group. Operating expenses

(Million euros)

(1) At constant exchange rates: +8.4%.
Breakdown of operating expenses and efficiency calculation

(Million euros)

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2013 Δ% 2012 2011
Personnel expenses 5,788 2.2 5,662 5,191
Wages and salaries 4,392 1.0 4,348 4,022
Employee welfare expenses 866 5.8 819 746
Training expenses and other 530 6.9 495 423
General and administrative expenses 4,280 4.3 4,106 3,707
Premises 966 5.5 916 839
IT 801 7.4 745 647
Communications 313 (5.4) 330 289
Advertising and publicity 391 3.3 378 369
Corporate expenses 106 3.8 102 103
Other expenses 1,268 5.6 1,201 1,104
Levies and taxes 437 0.7 433 356
Administration expenses 10,068 3.1 9,768 8,898
Depreciation and amortization 1,133 11.3 1,018 839
Operating expenses 11,201 3.8 10,786 9,737
Gross income 21,397 (2.3) 21,892 19,528
Efficiency ratio (Operating expenses/gross income, in %) 52.3
49.3 49.9

The number of employees, branches and ATMs has been affected by the changes in the scope of consolidation during the year (the sale of BBVA Panama and the pension business in Latin America).

  • The number of people working in BBVA as of 31-Dec-2013 was 109,305, a year-on-year decrease of 5.7% explained, mainly, by the sale of the pension businesses and BBVA Panama and the integration of Unnim
BBVA Group. Number of employees (1)
(1) Excluding Garanti.
  • The total number of branches at the close of December was 7,512 units. By geographical areas the number has risen in the majority of the South American countries, above all in Colombia, Peru and Venezuela, and fallen in Spain (the process of integrating Unnim), and has remained without significant changes in the rest of the areas.
BBVA Group. Number of branches (1)
(1) Excluding Garanti.
  • The number of ATMs at the end of the year stood at 20,415 units. Over the year, their number has increased in South America and, to a lesser extent, in Mexico.
BBVA Group. Number of ATMs (1)
(1) Excluding Garanti.

Despite this, the efficiency ratio closed December at an outstanding 52.3%, one of the lowest among BBVA’s peer group, while operating income was €10,196m, 8.2% below the figure for the same period in 2012 (down 3.0% excluding the exchange-rate effect).

BBVA Group. Efficiency
BBVA Group. Operating income
(1) At constant exchange rates: +3.0%