January-March 2013

Industry trends

The real-estate industry in Spain has been affected by a bubble whose main impact has been on the residential construction sector, through developer loans. Real-estate activity in Spain is undergoing a process of adjustment to the imbalances that have accumulated over recent years. Some of them have already been significantly corrected, above all those relating to the significant weight of residential construction as a proportion of the Spanish gross domestic product, which has declined from its high in 2007. However, existing housing stock still has to be absorbed and the balance sheets of financial institutions have yet to complete their restructuring.